Clinical data show that carotid artery stenosis is mainly caused by arteriosclerosis obliterans, in which the carotid artery is the most frequently affected location. Therefore, according to the high-risk factors of the disease, we can start from the diet, adjuvant treatment. Patients with carotid artery stenosis should usually follow a vegetarian diet, maintain a good mood, get enough sleep, and achieve early intervention to ensure a good therapeutic effect.5 diet for carotid artery disease?
Five dietary guidelines for carotid artery stenosis
(1) Have a meal
The diet must be balanced, with light and easy-to-digest foods as the mainstay, and less irritating foods and condiments. Meals should be regular, not to be very hungry for a while, and then to overeat again. The amount of each meal should be moderate, the breakfast should be good, and the dinner should not be too full. Too full can easily damage the spleen and stomach, causing abdominal distension and discomfort, acid regurgitation, etc., and eating should not be too fast, otherwise it is easy to choke into the trachea.
(2) Control salt
For stroke patients with hypertension, special attention must be paid to adopting a low-salt diet. Usually, the amount of salt should be controlled below 2-3g per day. Excessive salt content can easily cause water and sodium retention in the body, increase cardiac output, produce small artery spasm, and form or aggravate carotid artery stenosis. Therefore, avoid all salted dishes.
(3) Controlling the intake of bile
Can not eat foods with high cholesterol content, especially egg yolk, animal offal, crab roe, small shrimp skin, etc., can eat foods with a small amount of cholesterol, such as protein, skinless duck, lean pork, fish, lean lamb, beef lean meat. Pairing these foods with vegetables is beneficial in slowing down the process of narrowing the carotid arteries.
(4) Control fat intake
Animal fats are high in saturated fatty acids, so use sparingly or not. Cooked vegetables can use refined vegetable oils, such as soybean oil, peanut oil, sesame oil, etc., which contain a lot of unsaturated fatty acids, which are good for lowering cholesterol. Adult men and light laborers should consume about 50g of fat per day.
(5) Eat more fresh fruits and vegetables
Fresh vegetables and fruits are rich in vitamin C, E, etc., which can inhibit the deposition of bile on the blood vessel wall and increase the elasticity of blood vessels, which is beneficial to relieve carotid artery stenosis.
The treatment of carotid artery stenosis depends on whether there are symptoms of carotid artery disease and the general condition of your body. For example, if you are smoking, be sure to quit. In addition, you can take a small amount of aspirin every day to reduce blood viscosity
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