Dietary contraindications for myocardial infarction include. First, patients with acute myocardial infarction do not need supplements. Some family members feel that such a serious disease must be supplemented, so a large number of supplements and high-nutrition foods appear. In fact, myocardial infarction and coronary heart disease are a kind of wealthy diseases, usually because the nutrition is too good, so there is no need to supplement nutrition; the second is a low-salt, low-cholesterol, light diet, and if you have diabetes, you need to pay attention to a low-glycemic diet. Third, avoid spicy, stimulating, hard food.what foods should heart patients avoid
Because patients with myocardial infarction are in bed rest, poor gastrointestinal motility, and taking more drugs, many of them have the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding, so gastrointestinal irritating food should be avoided. Fourth, avoid eating indigestible foods. Patients with acute myocardial infarction should focus on digestible foods to keep their stools smooth, otherwise it will easily increase the burden on the heart and worsen myocardial ischemia. Fifth, patients with acute myocardial infarction should pay attention to supplementing trace elements , such as potassium and magnesium. First, these trace elements can nourish the heart muscle; secondly, the electrical activity of the heart requires the participation of these trace elements, so a moderate amount of food such as egg custard, soft noodles, vegetables, and fruits can be eaten.
Patients with myocardial infarction should limit their intake of fat and salt, especially animal fats. It is recommended to use vegetable oils such as olive oil for cooking to prevent hardening of the arteries. In addition, patients with cardiac insufficiency and hypertension should strictly limit sodium intake to avoid increasing the burden on the heart. Avoid consuming foods with high gas production: patients with myocardial infarction generally have long bed rest, slow intestinal peristalsis, and are prone to constipation. Foods with high gas production can easily cause intestinal flatulence, cause excessive stool, and easily induce myocardial infarction. Fresh vegetables and fruits, whole-wheat bread and other crude fiber foods can be given to prevent constipation and prohibit the consumption of irritating foods: such as spicy foods, strong tea, coffee, etc.
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