For gout patients, the level of uric acid contained in their blood is very high. The main reason is that the production of uric acid is large and the excretion is blocked.
When urate crystals are deposited in the synovial bursa and cartilage of the joint, it will cause recurrent inflammation, which constitutes the problem of gout.
In addition to active treatment, gout patients should also try to reduce or refuse to eat high-purine foods. In addition, they should also be given exercise assistance.
Proper exercise can excrete uric acid through sweat, thereby reducing the level of uric acid in the patient’s body.
What kind of exercise should gout patients do?
For gout patients, not all exercises are suitable for reducing their uric acid levels. If you choose some mild aerobic exercise, such as jogging, brisk walking, plank support, swimming, etc.
These exercises can not only enhance the patient’s physical fitness, thereby improving their immunity and resistance, but also enhance the tolerance of the joints, thereby effectively avoiding the atrophy of muscles and joints, and also have a certain relief effect on gout.
However, when exercising, you must choose the gout remission period. If you exercise during the acute attack period, it is likely to intensify the pain and may aggravate the condition.
What should gout patients pay attention to during exercise?
1. Avoid profuse sweating
Sweating through exercise can really make people feel refreshed, but gout patients are not suitable for sports that are prone to sweating a lot.
Because when you sweat a lot, the blood flow and total blood flow of the kidneys will be affected, thereby hindering the excretion of uric acid and creatine, and then causing hyperuricemia. In this way, patients are likely to develop acute gout and even acute gouty arthritis.
Therefore, for gout patients, they must not do strenuous exercise, and at the same time need to control physical exertion, such as jumping and playing sports are not suitable.
2. Choose the right exercise method
In daily life, exercise is often divided into aerobic and anaerobic types, and the energy metabolism of these two types is also different.
For aerobic exercise, its overall intensity is not high, and it can be maintained for a long time without causing the muscles to produce too much lactic acid.
After doing aerobic exercise, there will generally not be excessive fatigue and soreness. At the same time, you can breathe in fresh air to improve your cardiopulmonary function. Generally speaking, common aerobic exercises include brisk walking, swimming, and Tai Chi yoga.
For gout patients, do not choose anaerobic exercise. This is mainly due to the excess lactic acid produced during anaerobic exercise, thereby reducing the excretion of uric acid.
Especially when doing strenuous anaerobic exercise, it is likely to trigger gout. In life, common anaerobic exercises include 100-meter swimming, 100-meter running, and weightlifting.
In addition, gout patients should exercise step by step, first do short-term small exercises, and then slowly increase the exercise time and exercise consumption.
3. Choose the right exercise time
In the morning, the functions of internal organs and joints are relatively low, and it is difficult for the body to adapt to large-scale activities. If you have the habit of morning exercise, you can warm up for about 5 to 10 minutes first to avoid acute or chronic injuries.
For gout patients, choose to exercise between 4 pm and 9 pm, and the exercise time should be kept at more than 30 minutes, and more than 150 minutes of exercise every week.
Although exercise can effectively relieve gout, it is necessary to keep the body warm during exercise to avoid damage to the joints. In addition to choosing the right exercise, gout patients also need to go to the hospital for uric acid checks regularly and adjust their dosage according to the results of the checks.
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