Blood pressure refers to the pressure caused by blood on the walls of blood vessels. In order to be healthy, the blood pressure of the human body should be kept within a certain range, but there are many people in life due to factors such as the environment and bad living habits;What should i do to control high blood pressure
High blood pressure will occur, and once blood pressure deviates from the “track”, it will not only cause headaches, dizziness and other discomfort, but also endanger the health of other organs in the body, causing complications such as kidney disease, eye disease, and heart disease.
Therefore, once the blood pressure is found to be too high, it must be adjusted in time to prevent the body from being more seriously injured!
1.Low salt diet
The main component of salt is sodium. Excessive intake of sodium can cause water retention, increase the burden on the heart, and make blood pressure uncontrolled;
Therefore, patients with high blood pressure should strictly control the intake of salt in the diet, the daily intake of salt should be less than 5 grams, and at the same time eat less pickled food.
People with high blood pressure can usually eat more vegetables and fruits. Dietary fiber, potassium and other elements in these foods can help stabilize blood pressure.
2. Adhere to proper exercise
During exercise, blood circulation is accelerated, water intake increases, and blood viscosity decreases. At the same time, exercise can also relax the mind and reduce vascular tension. These factors are of great help in lowering blood pressure.
People with high blood pressure can choose some more moderate exercises, such as Tai Chi, jogging, walking, brisk walking, etc. It is not advisable to do too strenuous exercise, and exercise should be gradual and long-term adherence.
3, pay attention to keep warm
Now that it has entered the autumn and winter seasons, the weather is getting colder every day, and the sudden drop in temperature can stimulate vasoconstriction and lead to increased blood pressure, which is obviously very unfavorable for patients with hypertension.
In this special season, patients with high blood pressure should do a good job of keeping warm and add clothes in time when the temperature drops. When going out, they should wear scarves, hats, masks, and thick shoes to avoid being stimulated by the cold wind.
4. Quit smoking and drinking
Tobacco and alcohol can aggravate hypertension. When smoking, the harmful substances in tobacco can accelerate the vasoconstriction, make the heart beat faster, and increase blood pressure, and long-term smoking can also aggravate vascular damage and increase the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Therefore, patients with hypertension must not smoke at ordinary times.
In addition, you should also avoid drinking alcohol at ordinary times. Excessive drinking can lead to vasodilation and rapid heartbeat. If you are taking antihypertensive drugs, it may also cause hypotension after drinking, which must be noted.
5. Keep a good mood
Negative emotions such as tension, anxiety, excitement, and anger can affect the stability of blood pressure, and even lead to the serious consequences of cerebral hemorrhage.
Therefore, patients with high blood pressure should maintain a peaceful mood, avoid being too nervous, and learn to combine work and rest. When work is tense, they may take some time to take a walk and do a relaxation exercise.
In addition, patients with high blood pressure should do regular work and rest, must not stay up late, so as to avoid blood pressure out of control.
Sustained high blood pressure will have serious impact on health. Therefore, once suffering from high blood pressure, patients should take regular medication under the guidance of doctors on the one hand, and also pay attention to the conditioning of life, such as low-salt diet, Moderate exercise, regular life, etc. During this period, attention should also be paid to regular blood pressure measurement. If the above details are noted, blood pressure can be better controlled and the occurrence of complications can be reduced.
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